The school was created to promote academic, aesthetic, physical and social growth. It recognized the individual abilities, interests and talents of each child. Students were encouraged to question ideas and search for knowledge. BUPS fostered critical and independent thinking and creativity. Students were prepared for success in leading universities throughout the world.
When BUPS opened in September 1993 there were only 43 students in a preparatory class and Grades 6, 7 and 8. In the same year, the PreSchool opened with 32 students as part of the Psychology Department of Bilkent University.
In 1994, when the school expanded to include Grade 9, it was approved by the University of Cambridge International Examinations to offer the IGCSE program and courses.
In 1996, BUPS officially became Section B of a preparatory school for the Music Faculty of Bilkent University. Its new official name was Bilkent Universitesi Muzik ve Sahne Sanatlari Fakultesi Muzik Hazirlik Okulu. In that same year, the International Baccalaureate organization authorized BUPS to offer the IB Diploma Program to develop inquiring, knowledgeable and caring young people who help to create a better and more peaceful world through intercultural understanding and respect.
The first high school students graduated in June 1998.